When teeth crack or break, this is called a fractured tooth.
Treatment depends on the
location, severity, and type of the crack.
A visible crack, chip, or fracture might be obvious, but
some hairline tooth fractures may be hard to detect visually. Any part of the
tooth typically can be cracked, not just the part that you can see.
Here are a few signs that you might have a fractured
• Sharp pain while eating,
especially when chewing or biting down
• Sudden hot or cold
• Pain that comes and goes
• Swollen gums around the
diagnose a cracked tooth, your dentist will probably do the following:
1. Ask about your dental
history, such as whether you chew on a lot of hard foods or grind your teeth.
2. Make a visual
3. Feel for the crack.
4. Use a dental dye, which
can make the crack stand out.
5. Probe your gums looking
6. Dental X-ray.
Types of tooth
Craze lines – Craze lines are tiny cracks that only affect the outer
layer of the teeth. They are common in all adult teeth and don’t cause any
pain. While they’re technically tiny fractures, craze lines don’t constitute a
fractured tooth emergency.
your tooth is cracked or fractured, don’t
for temporarily relieving pain or discomfort.
the mouth with warm water to clean the area.
Call your dentist
See your dentist
(or visit an emergency clinic) as soon as possible for emergency treatment.
compresses on the face to keep swelling down.
Avoid chewing with
the affected tooth.
What can typically cause a fractured tooth?
down too hard on a piece of food
- Being hit
in the face or the mouth
that weaken the rest of the tooth
existing fillings that weaken the rest of the tooth
Fractured tooth treatment
treatment . Some tooth cracks such as craze lines are harmless and
require no treatment at all.
How to prevent tooth fractures
chew on hard objects such as popcorn kernels, ice, or pens.
clench or grind your teeth.
- Wear a
mouthguard or protective mask when playing contact sports.
- Don’t use
your teeth as tools. For example, to cut masking tape.
good oral hygiene at home by brushing your teeth twice a day, cleaning
between your teeth daily, and limiting consumption of sugary foods and
- Visit the
dentist regularly twice a year.
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